Kirtland—Kirtland Temple Stone Quarry
There are no natural objects or cultural monuments, no limitations on the protection of cultural monuments. Nearest Natura area is meters away from quarry, around Kunda river.
Since the quarry is not opened to the lowest point, all the resources near the border areas has not been excavated yet. At the moment, restoration can be done only in areas, where mining is finished. Now, it is a very popular among fishermen, there are also a lot of waterfowls and reptiles that inhabit in the flanks of the rocks near the water.
About 12 million m3 of water is pumped out of the quarry to the Toolse river in a year. The pumped out water is clear and oxygen-rich, therefore there is also diverse fauna. In the bottom of the quarry, there is a considerable size lake about 1 m deep , which is a stop for migratory birds.
Also there are old sifting heaps, where sand martins Riparia riparia build their nests. There are counted over different species of vascular plants during flora inventory.
Among others there are also some protected and endangered plant species like military orchid Orchis militaris , early march-orchid Dactylorhiza incarnate , board-leaved helleborine Epipactis helleborine , marsh helleborine Epipactis palustris and bristly bellflower Campanula cervicaria. It is necessary to combine ecological and social aspects and to raise the awareness about disappearing communities and species loss.
By observing one specific quarry, we would like to educate people about the geological history of the mining area, current state of local biodiversity, and how the novel ecosystems will be created using scientific methods. See Article History.
Read More on This Topic. Although seldom used to form entire structures, stone is greatly valued for its aesthetic appeal, durability, and ease of maintenance. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. The most popular types include granite, limestone, sandstone, marble, slate, gneiss, and serpentine.
What is Quarrying?
All natural stone used for structural support, curtain walls, veneer, floor…. The use of explosives in the quarrying of marble is limited because of the danger of shattering the rock.
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